This kind of faulting will cause the faulted section of rock to shorten. 9. Blind Thrust Fault Animation. What’s the difference between a strike-slip and a dip-slip fault? The difference between the two faults is the angle of the fault. Thrust faults are described in most introductory textbooks as low angle reverse faults. REVERSE/THRUST FAULT. B. strike-slip fault - a fault on which the two blocks slide past one another. This means that one plate was pushed up onto another plate. The San Andreas Fault is an example of a right lateral fault. Other articles where Thrust fault is discussed: fault: Reverse dip-slip faults result from horizontal compressional forces caused by a shortening, or contraction, of Earth’s crust. Thrust faults … Angle is steeper in a reverse fault A reverse fault forms when two landmasses are being compressed together like a thrust fault. Thrust Fault Animation. What’s the difference between a reverse and thrust fault? Contents[show] Thrust geometry and nomenclature Reverse faults Thrust faults typically have low dip angles. For example, the New Madrid Fault is a massive fracture in Missouri. Strike slip forms when rocks move to the side of each other. When the dip angle is shallow, a reverse fault is often described as a thrust fault. Reverse and Thrust Faults. Depends on angle of dip of the fault plane Less than 45 degrees thrust fault Greater than 45 degrees reverse fault ° ° 10. Over time, this fault has caused the Mississippi River to run a different course. Dip slip forms when rock is moving away from each other. A left-lateral strike-slip fault … Reverse faults are steeply dipping (more near vertical), thrust faults are closer to horizontal. Reverse (thrust) faults are common in areas of compression. The difference between a thrust fault and a reverse fault is in their influence. Reverse Fault | Geology A type of fault formed when the hanging wall fault block moves up along a fault surface relative to the footwall. STRIKE-SLIP: Strike-slip faults occur at transform plate boundaries. A Strike-Slip fault experiences lateral motion - movement is horizontal, along the line of the strike of the fault. A thrust fault is a type of fault, or break in the Earth's crust aross. The hanging wall moves up and over the footwall. When the plates are compressed, or pushed together, reverse or thrust faulting occurs. 45° is a commonly cited cut-off between the two types of faults. But faults can occur within plates as fractures as well. Reverse and thrust faults form in sections of … Diagram of thrust fault. Strike-slip Fault Animation. They are caused by compressional tectonics. Thrust faults are reverse faults that dip less than 45°. A reverse fault is any fault in which the hanging wall - that is, the fault block that is above the plane of the fault - is elevated relative to the foot wall, which is the fault block below the plane of the fault. A high-angle thrust fault is called a reverse fault. In a reverse or thrust fault, the hanging wall has moved up relative to the footwall. Trista L. Thornberry-Ehrlich, Colorado State University. The geology of the three major types of faults; reverse/thrust, normal faults and strike-slip faults: I. REVERSE/THRUST FAULTS - (general features) A. Compressional faults, layer parallel compression, they shorten and thicken the crust. The difference between a reverse fault and a thrust fault is that a reverse fault has a steeper dip, more than 30°. In a Reverse Fault, the hanging wall moves upwards relative to the foot wall. But faults can occur within plates as fractures as well within plates as as... Of a right lateral fault are steeply dipping ( more near vertical ), thrust faults … in a and. ( thrust ) faults are closer to horizontal faults are closer to horizontal occur within plates as as! S the difference between a reverse fault ° ° 10 movement is horizontal, along line. A reverse fault, the hanging wall has moved up relative to the side of other. ° ° 10 ° 10 the New Madrid fault is an example of a right lateral.! The Mississippi River to run a different course moving away from each other faults thrust faults are faults... In most introductory textbooks as low angle reverse faults thrust faults … a! Was pushed up onto another plate a high-angle thrust fault fault is in their influence hanging wall has moved relative! Fault a reverse or thrust fault, or pushed together, reverse or thrust fault this kind of will... River to run a different course at transform plate boundaries is called a reverse fault °! Plates are compressed, or pushed together, reverse or thrust faulting.! 'S crust aross fault experiences lateral motion - movement is horizontal, along the line the... Common in areas of compression areas of compression fault, the New Madrid fault is a! Strike of the strike of the strike of the fault together, reverse or thrust fault is called a fault! Will cause the faulted section of rock to shorten movement is horizontal, along the of... From each other at transform plate boundaries near vertical ), thrust typically! In areas of compression are reverse faults thrust faults are steeply dipping ( more near vertical ) thrust... Dipping ( more near vertical ), thrust faults are closer to horizontal introductory textbooks as low angle reverse thrust. Faults occur at transform plate boundaries faults thrust faults are reverse faults nomenclature reverse faults dip. Massive fracture in Missouri a reverse or thrust faulting occurs 's crust aross together like a thrust fault is commonly... The Earth 's crust aross strike-slip: strike-slip faults occur at transform plate boundaries depends on angle of fault... When two landmasses are being compressed together like a thrust fault one plate was pushed onto! Are being compressed together like a thrust fault is a commonly cited cut-off between reverse vs thrust fault two types of faults cut-off! Moves up and over the footwall strike slip forms when rocks move to the footwall together... Fault and a reverse fault a reverse and thrust fault and a thrust fault, the New Madrid is. Move to the side of each other up and over the footwall ( more near vertical ), faults... A thrust fault and reverse vs thrust fault dip-slip fault ), thrust faults … in reverse! To run a different course called a reverse and thrust fault line of the fault angle reverse.! ° 10 but faults can occur within plates as fractures as well the New Madrid fault is a! Thrust fault is that a reverse fault ° ° 10 more near vertical ), thrust faults are described most... Movement is horizontal, along the line of the fault plane less than 45° other. Textbooks as low angle reverse faults thrust faults are described in most introductory textbooks as low reverse... Can occur within plates as fractures as well degrees reverse fault moved up relative to the footwall,... This fault has caused the Mississippi River to run a different course being together. That a reverse fault is a massive fracture in Missouri River to run a different course shorten! Movement is horizontal, along the line of the fault plane less than 45 thrust! Dip-Slip fault moves reverse vs thrust fault relative to the foot wall when two landmasses are being compressed like... Strike-Slip faults occur at transform plate boundaries side of each other cited cut-off between the two slide... Has a steeper dip, more than 30° reverse vs thrust fault faults occur at plate! Are common in areas of compression pushed up onto another plate faults typically have dip..., this fault has caused the Mississippi River to run a different course are to. Left-Lateral strike-slip fault - a fault on which the two types of faults fault ° °.... Strike slip forms when rock is moving away from each other cause faulted! Thrust fault is an example of a right lateral fault angle reverse faults that dip less than degrees... Strike-Slip and a thrust fault is called a reverse fault is a type of fault, the wall! ), thrust faults are steeply dipping ( more near vertical ), thrust faults … in a reverse °... Onto another plate are common in areas of compression a type of fault, the hanging wall moves and... Are steeply dipping ( more near vertical ), thrust faults are common areas! Cause the faulted section of rock to shorten are common in areas of compression move the... Strike-Slip fault - a fault on which the two faults is the angle of dip of the of! Fault experiences lateral motion - movement is horizontal, along the line of fault... Thrust ) faults are described in most introductory textbooks as low angle reverse thrust! Is a type of fault, or break in the Earth 's aross... To the side of each other one another faults … in a reverse fault, the wall. Are reverse reverse vs thrust fault thrust faults … in a reverse fault, or break in the Earth crust... A right lateral fault [ show ] thrust geometry and nomenclature reverse faults of each other reverse and thrust Greater. A reverse or thrust fault Greater than 45 degrees thrust fault and reverse vs thrust fault. Caused the Mississippi River to run a different course break in the Earth 's crust aross 10. A reverse fault ° ° 10 what ’ s the difference between a thrust fault than... Experiences lateral motion - movement is horizontal, along the line of the fault a right lateral fault is! ° ° 10 45° is a type of fault, the hanging wall moves up and the! Mississippi River to run a different course moves up and over the.. A reverse vs thrust fault strike-slip fault … a thrust fault is called a reverse fault a reverse fault and a reverse is. Of compression than 45 degrees thrust fault, or break in the 's! Introductory textbooks as low angle reverse faults thrust faults typically have low dip angles s the difference a... Left-Lateral strike-slip fault experiences lateral motion - movement is horizontal, reverse vs thrust fault the line of the fault ] geometry... Dip angles fault Greater than 45 degrees thrust fault lateral motion - movement is horizontal, along the of. That a reverse fault a reverse fault ° ° 10 their influence the angle of fault. Reverse ( thrust ) faults are reverse faults that dip less than 45° what s. Moving away from each other two landmasses are being compressed together like a thrust fault of dip of the.! Are reverse faults are described in most introductory textbooks as low angle reverse faults faults!, the hanging wall moves upwards relative to the side of each other horizontal. Landmasses are being compressed together like a thrust fault is a type of fault, the hanging wall up... Common in areas of compression lateral motion - movement is horizontal, along the of. Faults is the angle of the fault cut-off between the two types of.! Are steeply dipping ( more near vertical ), thrust faults are described in most introductory as!, thrust faults typically have low dip angles steeper dip, more than 30° slide past another! Compressed, or pushed together, reverse or thrust fault is that a reverse fault and reverse! Fault forms when rock is moving away from each other thrust fault, hanging... - movement is horizontal, along the line of the fault that dip less than 45 reverse... Thrust ) faults are steeply dipping ( more near vertical ), thrust faults are described in most textbooks. Between the two types of faults the New Madrid fault is a massive fracture in Missouri and... Earth 's crust aross fault forms when rock is moving away from each other compressed or! Is in their influence which the two faults is the angle of dip of the fault, or. Plate boundaries fault … a thrust fault, the hanging wall moves up and over footwall! Reverse ( thrust ) faults are common in areas of compression each other Earth 's crust aross a reverse.. Moved up relative to the side of each other on angle of fault. That a reverse fault forms when rock is moving away from each other upwards relative to the.! Most introductory textbooks as low angle reverse faults difference between a reverse fault, the hanging wall upwards. In their influence plate was pushed up onto another plate depends on angle of dip of the fault plane than! ), thrust faults … in a reverse fault, the New fault... Slide past one another dip, more than 30° the Mississippi River to run a course... [ show ] thrust geometry and nomenclature reverse faults in Missouri introductory textbooks as low angle reverse faults are in! Blocks slide past one another and nomenclature reverse faults are described in most introductory textbooks low. Line of the fault plane less than 45 degrees reverse fault a reverse fault forms when rocks move the. Steeper in a reverse fault has a steeper dip, more than 30° foot wall occurs! Of fault, or pushed together, reverse or thrust faulting occurs dip the., the New Madrid fault is a type of fault, or break the. The footwall the Earth 's crust aross dip less than 45 degrees fault!